Cassia Gum – Cassia Gum Powder

Cassia Tora seeds (Cassia Tora L., Cassia obtusifolia L., Caesalpiniaceae) is subject to different mechanical cleaning steps in order to remove other impurities, such as, farm waste, undeveloped seeds and stones.

After cleaning the seeds are dehusked and de-germed by milling and screening to get cassia tora splits. The splits are ground to a uniform small particle size powder.

Cassia gum powder is also known as cassia powder, cassia tora powder, cassia tora splits powder

It is a natural gelling agent. Cassia Gum Powder E427 has application in pet food and Cassia Gum Powder E499 is used as a food additive. Apart from this, it has many other industrial applications.

This gum powder is often used in conjunction with carrageenan and replace the use of Locust Bean Gum or Carob Gum or Guar Gum Splits. They are mostly used in preparing air fresheners in the form of gels.

It is used in various products like mixes, cheese, frozen dairy desserts etc. in the form of different agents like thickeners, moisture retention agents, foam stabilizers, emulsifiers and texturizing agents. The refined cassia gum powder is also been used in salads, multi course meat meals, appetizers as well as sandwich ingredients are also been prepared.

In personal care products, it is used as surfactants. Due to its water soluble property it is been used in manufacturing of personal care products like cosmetics, toiletries and other health care products like topical and non-topical pharmaceuticals, gels, creams, pastes, ointments, capsules and many more products.

Cassia Gum Powder Number

CAS No. of Galactomannan 11078-30-1
INS NO 427
EINECS No. 234-299-6
EEC No. E499
Regulatory Information of Cassia Gum

It is approved for use in Europe by the Commission Directive (EEC No. E 499) and is listed in the Annex of the Council Directive (70/524/EEC) as a stabilizer (thickening and gelling agent) in the manufacture of canned pet foods (for cats and dogs).

It is also approved for use in Japan and is listed as a food additive in The Ministry of Health and Welfare Announcement No. 160 (10 August 1995).

The available data and structurally related gums demonstrate a lack of toxic effects in animals. This review is the basis for the consideration of cassia gum as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) under conditions of its intended use as a thickening agent in human and pet foods.

Abbreviations: FFDCA, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; GRAS, generally recognized as safe; NTP, National Toxicology Program; OECD, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development; PADI, possible average daily intake.

It produces firm thermoplastic gels with carrageenan. During the formation of the gel, It increases the strength of the gel. It has an excellent retorting property that makes it stable along with carrageenan. It forms cohesive elastic gels when combined with Xanthan gum as these gums do not have the ability to form gels by its own. As compared to other galactomannans, it is more efficient in forming gels with xanthan gum, because of the unique branched polysaccharide galactose/mannose structure of refined cassia gum powder.

Cassia Tora Powder international listings

Function of Cassia Gum Powder

Gelling Agent Texturizing Agent
Emulsifier Thickener
Stabilizer Natural Fiber
Bonding agent Moisture retention agent
Cassia Gum Properties

Food grade cassia gum powder is high molecular weight (approximately 200,000-300,000) polysaccharide consisting primarily of a linear chain of 1,4-β-D-mannopyranose units with 1,6 linked α-D-galactopyranose units. The ratio of mannose to galactose is about 5:1. It is related to carob bean gum, tara gum and guar gum in terms of structure and chemical properties.

Cassia Gum Chemical Stucture
Gel (synergy) with Carrageenan or Xanthan Gum Cassia gum forms firm, thermoplastic gels with carrageenan. As it’s level increased, the gel strength is also increasing. It is stable along with carrageenan gel due to their excellent retorting stability. It do not have the ability to form gels on their own and this is fact even for xanthan gum. But when it combined with xanthan gum, their aqueous dispersions form cohesive, elastic gels. As with carrageenan, cassia is more efficient at forming gels with xanthan gum than other galactomannans, enabling lower total hydrocolloid levels in finished formulations. This is due to the unique branched polysaccharide galactose/mannose structure of cassia gum.

Translation of Cassia Gum in Diffrent Languages

Catalan: Goma cassia
Croatian: Cassia guma
Danish: Cassiagummi
Dutch: Cassiapitmeel
Finnish: Cassiakumi
French: Gomme de cassia
German: Cassiakernmehl
Polish: Gumy cassia
Portuguese: Goma de cassia
Romanian: Guma de cassia
Slovenian: Guma cassia
Spanish: Goma cassia

Cassia Gum Specifications

Physical and Chemical properties of cassia gum powder
Color : Off White / Ceramist.
Oder : Odorless
Texture : free flowing fine powder
Solubility : Soluble in cold water
Particle size (Mesh) 60 100
Hot VISCOSITY 2 Hours (1% Sol. Brookfield RVT Viscometer 25°C, Spindle No. 4, 20 rpm) 50 Cps To 500 Cps 50 Cps To 500 Cps
APPEARANCE Yellow Powder Yellow off-white Powder
MOISTURE 12% Max. 12% Max.
PROTEIN (N X 6.25) 5% Max. 5% Max.
ASH 1.0% Max. 1.0% Max.
GUM CONTENT (by difference) 80% Min. 80% Min.
pH (1% Solution) 5.5–7.0 5.5–7.0
Specification Cassia Gum 60 Mesh Cassia Gum 100 Mesh


Particle size (Mesh) 100 200
Hot VISCOSITY 2 Hours (1% Sol. Brookfield RVT Viscometer 25°C, Spindle No. 4, 20 rpm) 50 Cps To 500 Cps 50 Cps To 500 Cps
Total Plate Count (/gram) < 5000 < 5000
Yeast and moulds (/gram) < 500 < 500
Coli forms / E. coli (10/gram) Negative Negative
Salmonella (25/gram) Negative Negative

Heavy Metal

Particle size (Mesh) 100 200
Hot VISCOSITY 2 Hours (1% Sol. Brookfield RVT Viscometer 25°C, Spindle No. 4, 20 rpm) 50 Cps To 500 Cps 50 Cps To 500 Cps
Lead 0.1 ppm Max 0.1 ppm Max
Cadmium 0.1 ppm Max 0.1 ppm Max
Heavy Metal As Pb 10 ppm Max 10 ppm Max
Arsenic 0.03 ppm Max 0.03 ppm Max
Mercury 0.03 ppm Max 0.03 ppm Max

Storage and Shelf Life

  • Store in dry and fresh place, sheltered from light.
  • Shelf life is 2 years from date of production.

Cassia Gum Powder Packaging

  • HDPE Poly woven paper bag with inside liner
  • Multi walled paper bags.
  • Jumbo bags / Big bags

Packing will be done as per customer requirement like 25kg, 50lbs or 600 to 1000kg and 2000lbs. To know more about Cassia Gum applications CLICK HERE